ECONOMIZATION OF POLITICAL PROCESSES IN INDONESIA
Keywords:capitalism democracy, local election, natural resorces exploitation, political patronage networks, local actors
This article reveals the essence of the economization of political processes, the impact of government regulation on economic resources and relations between the political elite and businessmen, explains the conspiracy and involvement boss mine (coal) in several provincial elections (regents and governors) in South Kalimantan. The political processes related to election financing, features of local budgeting and regulation of the impact on economic resources are studied. Eighth, using funding sources of publications of local government activities covered in the activities of various agencies, especially public relations by installing advetorial or news paying the prospective incunbents in print media, electronics to online, paid at the rate per news or per month, with holding a mass media that provides space or duration for imaging or raises the popularity and electability. As is known, the political landscape of post Soeharto New Order government that gave birth to democracy and radical change in the institutions of power, namely from the centralized power-authoritarian system to a democratic system of government has spawned a democratic transition which was prolonged until today. In the midst of a prolonged transition to democracy at this time, the arena of democracy has been hijacked and the stage of political and economic power has been controlled by entrepreneurs or local and national capitalist power by doing pesekongkolan between candidates authorities or local authorities that one of them through the local election process. The businessmen are involved as a supplier of funds to the local authorities candidate to win as a form of money politics and transactional politics. In some cases the local elections in South Kalimantan, such as the election of the regent and the governor, political practice is utilized with clarity and has already become a political culture that is structured within massive post-New Order government. Therefore, democracy is being woken up in Indonesia after the New Order.
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