Manuscripts should be reviewed with due respect to the confidentiality of the authors. Submitting their manuscripts to review, the authors trust the editors the results of their scientific work and creative efforts, from which their reputation and career may depend on. The rights of authors may be violated in case of disclosure of confidential information during the review of manuscripts. Reviewers also have the right to privacy, which should be maintained by the editor. Confidentiality may be violated if there is dishonesty or fraud, but in other cases, it should be followed.

The editorial staff should not disclose information about the manuscripts (including their receipt, content, status in the process of review, criticism of reviewers or final fate) to anyone except authors and reviewers. This includes requests for the use of materials for legitimate actions.

Reviewers’ comments cannot be published or made public without the permission of the reviewer, author and editor.

Thoughts differ on whether reviewers should remain anonymous. Authors should get acquainted with the Information for journal authors to which they have decided to submit the manuscript to find out whether the reviews are anonymous. If the comments are not signed, the reviewers should not be disclosed to the author or anyone else without the permission of the reviewers.