corporation, information, commercial information, trade secret, flow of information, information protection


The study is devoted to the study of international experience in the protection of trade secrets in the leading countries of the world. The purpose of the study is a comparative analysis of the features of international experience in protecting the commercial secrets of corporations. The methodological basis of the study was the use of methods of comparative analysis, methods of analysis and synthesis, as well as an expert survey and a graphic method for presenting the results of the study. The main results of the study are the systematization of commercial information according to the degree of protection, as well as the generalization of the practice of the EU member states regarding the protection of commercial secrets. The main ways of disclosing information constituting a commercial secret are classified: communication of the specified information to other persons, in particular to competitors; providing documents containing information constituting a commercial secret to other persons for perusal; notification of the above-mentioned information in mass media, etc. Systematized measures for the protection of confidential information constituting a commercial secret, namely: organizational, legal, physical, technical and psychological. Organizational measures include a set of measures to protect information that is important for the enterprise by restricting access to it. Technical means involve the use of special programs and equipment that make it impossible to view and/or copy important electronic information. Legal measures involve bringing the internal documents of the corporation into compliance by making appropriate additions to them. The study presents the results of a survey of representatives of EU commercial structures regarding the leakage of trade secret information and tools for protection against leakage.


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Author Biographies

Hisham Shakhatreh, Jadara University

Ph.D. (Law), Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Jadara University, Jordan

Esraa Mohamed Ababneh, Autonomous University of Barcelona

Faculty of Business, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona


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How to Cite

Shakhatreh, H., & Ababneh, E. M. (2023). THE MAIN WAYS OF LEAKING COMMERCIAL SECRETS AND MEASURES TO PROTECT THEM. Economics, Finance and Management Review, (2), 76–82.



Chapter 3. Modern management technologies