UKRAINE'S INVESTMENT COOPERATION WITH THE EU: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS IN MODERN CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:international investment cooperation, foreign direct investment, economic growth, macroeconomic factors, economic sectors
The article considers theoretical basis of investment cooperation, defines the category of international investment cooperation, defines the principles of attracting foreign direct investment from EU countries, and peculiarities for host countries. The necessity of attracting foreign investments into the national economy is substantiated. The study identified factors that affect investment cooperation and the volume of investment. The analyzed movement of investments between Ukraine and the EU in the sectoral breakdown of country in the last twenty years. The movement of investments between Ukraine and EU countries in the sectoral and country context for the last twenty years is analyzed. It is noted that the benefits of direct investment are inherent in both the recipient country and the investor country. The article outlines the benefits of investment cooperation for Ukraine and the EU. The main problems on the way to promoting effective investment cooperation are generalized. Analysis of investment flows and observations prove positive changes in investment cooperation and it became especially noticeable with the election of the European vector of development of Ukraine’s foreign economic relations and the signing of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. The projected data are calculated on the basis of statistical data on investment flows between Ukraine and the EU without taking into account external factors influencing economic development. The article states that the constructed trend coincides with the global trend of the world economy. Based on the analysis of investment cooperation between Ukraine and the EU, and to improve it the author proposes the creation of a register of economically and technically viable investment projects in accordance with the priority of development of economic sectors, with taking into account the national interests of all regions of the country, promoting the direction of foreign capital to those regions, sectors and projects that are most in need. Priority sectors for foreign investment have been identified, steps to improve investment cooperation between Ukraine and EU countries have been proposed, and ways to overcome obstacles to the movement of foreign direct investment have been identified in the article.
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