DECENTRALIZATION AND ITS INFLUENCE ON LOCAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
Keywords:reforming, decentralization, devolution, local self-government, institute of prefects, a united territorial community (UTC)
The relevance of the study is marked by the general global trend to change the role and functions of public administration. Here it goes about the introduction of the practice of delegating certain functions of public administration to the competence of local governments. Changes of public administration have taken the form of decentralization of central government and active increase in the role of public administration through local self-government.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the theoretical concepts of the system of relations between state and local government in the period of global changes and self-identification of the Ukrainian nation and their possibility of implementation. The object of the research is the system of reforming state power in Ukraine and the development of local self-government.
The study uses methods that can assess the tendency of decentralization and local self-government in the historical and logical approach and analyze the dynamics of this process through normative and logical analysis. These methods forecast further growth of the decentralization process and its consequences for the economy and regional development.
The study identifies the main factors that necessitate the introduction of decentralization of power. Areas that activate the necessity for appropriate reform are identified and described. The historical aspects of the decentralization reforms in different European countries are analyzed. Positive changes in reforms have been noted. They relate to the priority reorientation of socialist economies to a market model of management and the transition to a new paradigm of life in the countries. The history of development of Ukrainian decentralization of power is also studied.
A solution has been found to the controversy over the reform process initiated by the population in the regions and the political government. The situation is in favor of the interests of the ruling power. The main shortcomings of decentralization in Ukraine and the lack of financial support for such reform are also noted. It is proved that decentralization should be carried out at the expense of economic development and improvement of social and economic state of regions.
The practical value of the results relates to the recommendations for adjusting government policy in the process of implementation of administrative reforms for decentralization and local government development.
Loughlin J. (2007) Centralization and Decentralization in French History. In: Subnational Government. French Politics, Society and Culture Series. Palgrave Macmillan, London. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9780230210622_2
The Implications of Devolution for England. Presented to Parliament by the First Secretary of State and Leader of the House of Commons by Command of Her Majesty (2014) Cabinet Office, London. Retrieved from: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment data/file/387598/implications_of_devolution_for_england_accessible.pdf
Michael Shatock, Aniko Horvath (2020) The decentralisation of the governance of UK higher education: the effects of devolution to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and on England. Policy Reviews in Higher Education Volume 4, 2020 - Issue 2. Retrieved from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/23322969.2020.1751688?journalCode=rprh20
Püttner G. (1983) Handbuch der kommunalen Wissenschaft und Praxis. Band 3: Kommunale Aufgaben und Aufgabenerfullung. N. Y.; Berlin: Springer. Retrieved from: https://www.springer.com/de/book/9783540237938
Jan Kaźmierczak (1993) Decentralisation and Regionalisation in Poland. Conference: Regionalisation in Europe: evaluation and perspectives, Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320710166_Decentralisation_and_Regionalisation in Poland
Vanags E., Vilka I. (2003) Local government reform in the Baltic countries. In: Kersting N., Vetter A. (eds) Reforming Local Government in Europe. Urban and Research International, vol 4. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-663-11258-7_15
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (1997), Order of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine «On local self-government», 21 May, No 280/97-ВР. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/280/97-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2020), Order of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine «On establishment and liquidation of districts», 17 July, No 807-IX. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/807-20#Text.
Chechetova-Terashvili, T., Chechetova, N., & Stuglyk, J. (2020). SECTORAL STRUCTURE OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMIC COMPLEX: INVESTMENT COMPONENT. Economics, Finance and Management Review, (2), 10-15. https://doi.org/10.36690/2674-5208-2020-2-10.