POLYCULTURAL COMPETENCE AS A LITERARY COMPONENT OF RESEARCH
Keywords:foreign literature, multicultural competence, application, implementation
The article deals with multicultural competence as a literary component of the study of the younger generation. The main attention is focused on the intercultural interaction of the team work of teachers-colleagues, their knowledge of a foreign language that allows for effective intercultural communication. The article draws attention to the components that are one of the important characteristics of the multicultural competence of teachers. Special emphasis in the article is focused on the implementation of the comparative line as a component of the literary process of the educational branch of the state standard of secondary and higher education. It provides for the implementation of the comparative line and defines the relevant state requirements for the level of training of students. The emphasis is focused on the principle of pluralism, on the need to have knowledge about other peoples and their cultures, traditions and customs, to identify commonalities and specifics, to understand their value. For the development of multicultural competencies in students, it is necessary to constantly focus on the ability to formulate a clear position and express a personal attitude to the material read. It is necessary to learn to evaluate the compositional components of the plot. The main task of teaching foreign literature is the development of the humanitarian culture of students, the education of their creative life orientations, the ability to independently communicate with works of art of words and consciously perceive the aesthetic and spiritual values embodied in them. The artistic work is proposed to be considered as a single whole. It is necessary to start with the unity of comparing the era and the place of the author of the work in world literature, the personal cultural and philosophical views of the author. Attention is drawn to the fact that the methodological features of the use of comparative analysis occur in stages, starting from the fifth grade. It is necessary to start with individual fragments in the form of a small comparative study. One of the forms of the comparative research method is the establishment of links between Ukrainian literature and other national literatures. Special attention should be paid to the development of traditional themes, plots, motifs, images, poetic means in literary works. Attention is focused on modern teaching methods, professional teaching in schools and universities, where the academic and creative potential of young people should be fully revealed. The purpose of the article is to reveal the meaning and ways of educating multicultural literary competence as one of the components of the educational process.
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