Preparation of future educators in higher education institutions for the specifics of their professional activities in an inclusive education
Keywords:future educator, preschool institution, individual program, specifics of preparation for work in an inclusive environment, professional competence of the educato, inclusive education
The article identifies the importance of inclusive education in Ukraine based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature. The main qualities that should be inherent in an educator working in an inclusive environment: humanity; the ability to ensure the connection between the child and the educator; spirituality; the ability to shape the child's personality; possession of methods of practical pedagogical activity, pedagogical technologies; availability of pedagogical abilities. The necessity of preparation of the future educator for the following is proved: composition of the complex program of development of the child with special educational needs; providing additional services and introducing new forms of support in the learning process; organization of observation of the dynamics of the child's development. The method of preparation for such activities is shown. Positive results are gained by psychological and pedagogical support, which means a comprehensive system of measures for the organization of the educational process and child development according to the individual program. It is participated by the director of the preschool institution, methodologist, educators, practical psychologist, social worker or teacher, special education teacher, rehabilitation teacher and parents, medical worker of the educational institution, doctor, child assistant, social protection specialists, various services children, etc.
It is determined that the professional activity of an educator in the system of inclusive education involves mastering a specific way of working in an inclusive environment: to treat all children equally, give students with special needs feasible tasks, involve such children in group work, joint problem solving; with the use of modeling, games, projects, theatrical performances, artistic creativity. Much attention is paid to the professional competence of the educator.
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