WAYS OF IMPROVING THE CONTENT OF MODERN UKRAINIAN LITERATURE TEXTBOOKS CONSIDERING CONSTRUCTIVE HISTORICAL ACHIEVEMENTS
Keywords:textbook, Ukrainian literature, image of a hero, patriotism, heroism, national ideology
The article is devoted to finding effective ways to improve the content of modern textbooks on Ukrainian literature. The need to introduce the experience of teaching Ukrainian literature of previous historical periods, which provided for the widespread use in the educational process of the concept of the hero as an example to follow, a means of forming patriotism, moral and ethical values of the Ukrainian nation. The general didactic and specific requirements to the modern textbook on the Ukrainian literature are investigated, the most necessary conditions for creation of new textbooks are defined (high-content art texts making the real spiritual heritage of national culture, aesthetic and moral and ethical weight, because the emotional perception of the artistic image has a significant impact on the reader). The peculiarities of interpretation of images of heroes of folklore and literary works in critical and didactic articles of modern textbooks for primary school, as well as the task of external independent evaluation of Ukrainian literature in recent years to fill educational material that promotes patriotic and heroic virtues. It is established that the modern education system should promote the national ideology aimed at serving society, the formation of a citizen-democrat, humanist and patriot (one of the means of such activities is a textbook on Ukrainian literature). It is proved that the challenges of time determine the need to create textbooks on Ukrainian literature, which would: contribute to the formation of a thorough system of knowledge in student youth; presented different points of view on the evaluation of works of art and images of heroes; demonstrated the personal beliefs of literary heroes; contained brief historical references to certain events from works of art; popularized the passionary type of the hero as the embodiment of the best features of the national character of the individual.
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