THE IMPORTANCE OF NON-TARIFF BARRIERS IN REGULATING INTERNATIONAL TRADE RELATIONS
Keywords:non-tariff barriers, technical barriers, international trade relations, non-tariff international standards, technical regulation, non-tariff import and export restrictions
Non-tariff trade barriers in international legal regulation are an integral part of a system of non-tariff restrictions, the approach to which in science and practice remains ambiguous. The aim of this article is to determine the importance of non-tariff trade barriers for international trade relations and prospect of their further implementation under the circumstances of development of international trade. The information resources used in the research contain data about the number of non-tariff barriers and data on their use regarding import and export of certain goods (152 countries-members of WTO in 2009-2016), data about the ratio in using non-tariff barriers with other protectionist measures in international trade (the USA, China and EU countries in 2012-2016) and others. Methods of comparison, analysis and synthesis; statistical and sociological methods were used in the research. The use of non-tariff barriers in regulating international trade relations cannot be assessed explicitly. Among negative results of their use are setting up obstacles in the economy of some countries; use of the non-tariff restrictions as means of discrimination; negative impact on the importation in some countries; volatility and uncertainty; negative influence on world economy. Positive impact of using non-tariff barriers comprises promotion of safety of product and security of manufacturing process; competitiveness of particular kinds of products; improvement of the standard of national security; provision of life and health protection of people, animals, flora and environment; harmonization between national trade and international system of trading standards. Development of the Strategy of realization of non-tariff regulating international trade relations at WTO is a solid approach in international activity. This will set up opportunity to unify and harmonize norms of international trade in the sphere of implementation of non-tariff barriers.
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