THE GENESIS OF THE FORMATION OF THE TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION SYSTEM OF POWER IN UKRAINE
Keywords:territorial organization of government, state, state policy, public administration, local self-government
The article is devoted to the analysis of processes of Ukraine's transition from a rigidly centralized system of territorial organization of power of the Soviet type to a modern system of decentralized type. The objective of the article is to determine the subject matter, content and forms of the societal institution of territorial organization of power in the modern scientific discourse of public administration through the analysis of the genesis of formation and modernization of the territorial organization of power in modern Ukraine in the period from 1990 to 2020. The subject matter and content of the political and territorial organization of the system of the state public power institutions, which is called the "territorial organization of government" is highlighted. It is substantiated that in order to effectively perform the functions of government regarding regulating public relations, the state organizes its internal territorial organization, divides its territory into administrative units of different levels, types and legal status, which is designed to ensure optimal form of the state unity of central and local governments, the most rational and adequate system of building the state apparatus, effective exercising of powers and running the country by the latter.
The historical way of political and territorial organization of public power of Ukraine from the beginning of its independence to the present has been characterized. It is concluded that the main task of modernization of the system of territorial organization of power at the present stage of development of society is to ensure completion of decentralization processes and creation of new amalgamated territorial communities, integrity and unity of the public and state body as well as its components, to carry out ubiquity and continuity of administrative, organizational and regulatory activities of the system of public administration bodies aimed at improving the economic, social, environmental, etc. situation and well-being of citizens.
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