Pedagogy and education management review https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm <p><strong>e-ISSN 2733-2039</strong></p> <p><strong>print-ISSN 2733-2144</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The publisher of the&nbsp;</span><strong>«</strong><strong>PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW</strong><strong>» </strong>is <strong>Scientific&nbsp;Center&nbsp;of Innovative Researches</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;</span><strong>OÜ&nbsp;</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">(Tallinn, Estonia).</span></p> <p><strong>Publication frequency:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;quarterly (March, June, September, December)</span></p> <p><strong>Languages of edition:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;English</span></p> <p><strong><em>International databases and catalogs&nbsp;that index the publication:</em></strong></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">-&nbsp;</span><a href="https://www.crossref.org/06members/50go-live.html"><span style="font-weight: 400;">CrossRef (DOI: 10.36690)</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">;</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">-&nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=allissnbis=%222733-2039%22&amp;search_id=8009510#" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN International Centre;</a></span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">-<a title="Google Scholar" href="https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?hl=uk&amp;user=i49vd18AAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=7&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7TQsSJ4VDUjRAAepLiNJmjx9Ii-vaDRQ-kN0FSdob18ErTK_HvlQOsnYBoLXDjVC9ubKq0trkwQ6Q_7uaLen2NJUliDH-4GP1QoH9_oFSqdweYULF9eDTsIOohPVpvSINLsQI6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;</a></span><a title="Google Scholar" href="https://scholar.google.com.ua/citations?hl=uk&amp;user=i49vd18AAAAJ&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=7&amp;gmla=AJsN-F7TQsSJ4VDUjRAAepLiNJmjx9Ii-vaDRQ-kN0FSdob18ErTK_HvlQOsnYBoLXDjVC9ubKq0trkwQ6Q_7uaLen2NJUliDH-4GP1QoH9_oFSqdweYULF9eDTsIOohPVpvSINLsQI6" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Google Scholar</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">;</span></a></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">-&nbsp;</span><a href="https://nlib-ee-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/1g6crv2/372NLE_ILS.b53721524" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="font-weight: 400;">National Library of Estonia;</span></a></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">- <a href="https://index.pkp.sfu.ca/index.php/browse/index/10453" target="_blank" rel="noopener">PKP-Index;</a></span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">- Eurasian Scientific <span class="z2">Journal</span>&nbsp;Index;</span></p> <p>-&nbsp;<a href="http://journalseeker.researchbib.com/view/issn/2733-2039" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Academic Recourse Index (ResearchBib);</a></p> <p>-&nbsp;Advanced Science Index (Germany);</p> <p>-&nbsp;<a href="https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/details?id=67668" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ICI World of Journals (Poland);</a></p> <p>-&nbsp;<a href="https://ouci.dntb.gov.ua/en/?journal=2733-2039" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Open Ukrainian Citation Index (Ukraine);</a></p> <p>-&nbsp;<a href="http://olddrji.lbp.world/JournalProfile.aspx?jid=2733-2039" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Directory of Research Journals Indexing (India)</a><a href="http://olddrji.lbp.world/JournalProfile.aspx?jid=2733-2039">;</a></p> <p>- <a href="https://explore.openaire.eu/search/find?f0=q&amp;fv0=10.36690%252F2733-2039-2020&amp;size=10&amp;sortBy=&amp;qf=false&amp;instancetypename=%22Article%22&amp;active=result" target="_blank" rel="noopener">OpenAIRE</a>;</p> <p>- <a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4774-6374" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ORCID</a></p> Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ en-US Pedagogy and education management review 2733-2144 THE HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF PRESCHOOLERS` LABOR EDUCATION https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/33 <p><em>Innovative processes in Ukraine, the development of a new school and education need the comprehension of the native pedagogical thought of the previous periods. The teachers’ ideas about the labor education of preschool children are of significant interest. These ideas take their origins from the time of antiquity. The works of teachers, doctors, psychologists, the formation of the theory of preschool education, the launch of the first public and private kindergartens have actualized the problem of the labor education of children in order to prepare them for life and work. </em></p> <p><em>Issues of organization of labor education of the younger generation in general, and preschool children in particular are very relevant for the current stage of&nbsp;development of society. The creation of a new school requires a understanding of&nbsp;domestic pedagogical thought of previous periods. Of considerable interest in this context are the ideas and works of prominent teachers of the past on the labor education of preschool children. </em><em>However, the results of the analysis of the sources show that the ideas of the representatives of the national pedagogical thought regarding the organization of the labor education of preschool children in the historical retrospective have not been comprehensively and systematically studied.This article considers the organization of labor education of&nbsp;preschool children from the times of Kievan Rus to the beginning of the XXth&nbsp; century. It&nbsp;is proved that the formation of issues of labor education of preschool children in different historical periods contributed to: the work of prominent domestic teachers, who emphasized that the labor education of preschoolers should be organized without coercion, be individual in nature, provided recommendations for acquaintance of preschool children with the work of adults, involving them in the possible participation in work. The work of clubs and playgrounds (performance of physical activity, including agricultural, nature observation, organization of hikes and excursions, which in turn contributed to the formation of&nbsp;children's diligence and respect for work), the organization of pedagogical museums, summer children's " colonies ", holding the Kyiv Society of Folk Kindergartens exhibitions" Preschool Education "and" Child Labor ", organization of the store" Preschool Education", as well as lectures on parenting, mass production of domestic pedagogical literature, publishing pedagogical magazines" Kindergarten", "Bulletin of &nbsp;Education", "Education and Training", "Free Education" and some others. Scientific and pedagogical sources are analyzed, which testify to the important role of pedagogical societies in the formation of labor education of preschool children.</em></p> Vita Yakovenko Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-03-02 2021-03-02 1 4 9 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-4 EDUCATIONAL COMPONENT OF SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF THE ACADEMICIAN S. KONIUKHOV IN THE FIELD OF ROCKETRY https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/28 <p><em>The rocket and space sphere is one of the high-tech manufacturing industries in Ukraine. It provides competitive advantages, sustainable development and security of the state. Educational activity in the system of training professionals in the field of rocketry is the main segment of modern economic development of Ukraine. This determined the relevance of our study. This article systematizes and generalizes information about the characteristic features of the scientific and technical school of the academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine S. Koniukhov. He was the outstanding scientist-designer, professor, Hero of Ukraine.</em><em> The structure of its components is highlighted, for example, the production and research component</em> <em>(Yuzhnoye SDO, SE «Yuzhmash») and the academic component</em> <em>(NAS of Ukraine, the National Space Agency of Ukraine and the International Academy of Astronautics). It is shown how these units contributed to the development of rocket and space science and technology. The scientific-organizational and pedagogical activity of the scientist is described, which are an integral part of the educational component of his scientific school. It has been clarified the role of the scientist in the organization of domestic educational institutions in the field of rocketry. This contributed to the formation of the sectorial system of secondary special and higher professional education in Ukraine, as well as its integration into the world educational space. Thus, the scientific and educational activities of S. Koniukhov contributed into ensuring the current level of training of highly qualified specialists, retraining and advanced training of scientific and engineering personnel of the space industry of Ukraine.</em></p> Olena Voitiuk Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 10 17 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-10 THE FEATURES OF DISTANCE LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/34 <p><em>The article deals the main trends in distance learning in the higher education system. The main innovations in teaching students today are largely associated with the use of interactive methods. The advantages and disadvantages of online learning are outlined. The basic methodological techniques, as well as methods that can be applied by teachers are analysed. The principles of e-learning are presented. The didactic means of distance learning, in which the pedagogically processed content of education is concentrated, are classified. Theoretical comprehension of the basics of distance learning shows that it is inherent for the traditional educational process, and has own didactic teaching methods. The general direction of the innovations has caused the individualisation of the education. The environment of educational communication is characterised by openness, interaction of participants, equality of their arguments, and accumulation of knowledge. The main aim of the research is to reveal the main features of distance learning in higher education system. The internationalisation of society causes its informatisation. The main task of the modern education is the development of students' skills of self-learning. This trend has completely changed the educational methods. Distance education is characterized by a high degree of variation. The main features of e-learning are flexibility, modularity, concurrency, coverage. The main hypothesis of the research is the provision of the internationalisation of the education system in modern society. The role of the distance learning in the educational process is defined. </em></p> Tetiana Leleka Tetiana Kapitan Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 18 25 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-18 READYNESS OF STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DISTANCE LEARNING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/35 <p><em>Distance learning is a way of obtaining education using computer and modern information technologies, which allows students to study at a distance. Informatization of the educational process and the latest information and communication technologies, provided they are fully used and introduced into the educational process, radically change the course of society. In the process of distance learning distance courses are used - information products that are sufficient for learning in certain disciplines.</em></p> <p><em>One of the priority areas of the modernization program of secondary and higher schools is distance learning. In modern conditions, there is a need for higher education by distance, which is caused by the need to study full-time, educated by people with disabilities and those who are abroad or in prison. This opportunity is provided by distance learning, which is carried out through information and educational technologies and communication systems.</em></p> <p><em>Distance learning has a number of undeniable advantages. In particular, a higher education applicant can study at a time convenient to him, in a familiar environment and at a relatively autonomous pace. The lower cost of such training should also be taken into account, as there is no need to rent premises, pay a significant number of staff and save time.</em></p> <p><em>In the case of distance learning, the active role of the teacher is not reduced, as he must determine the level of knowledge of the applicant, and decide to adjust the curriculum in order to achieve the best mastery of the material. If necessary, the student can get advice from the teacher, communicating with him online, directly using the Internet as a means of communication (web-chat, IRC, ICQ, interactive TV, web-telephony, Telnet). The MOODLE system is successfully used for successful distance learning.</em></p> Olha Voloshina Yaroslav Haleta Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 26 35 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-26 SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP AS AN IMPORTANT TOOL FOR IMPROVING STUDENT TRAINING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/36 <p><em>This article shows the long-term experience of social partnership of Nikopol Vocational College of the National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine with basic enterprises of Nikopol region as an important tool for improving student training, provides organizational characteristics of social partnership. The purpose of the article is a theoretical analysis of research on the training of university students on the basis of social partnership as a pedagogical problem, an experimental test of the management of the training system of students in accordance with modern requirements of employers.</em> <em>The article presents an analysis of a number of theoretical works of national scientists devoted to the study of the problem of social partnership in universities of I-II level of accreditation with basic enterprises. Particular attention is paid to the basic pedagogical conditions, the readiness of students for training, in order to implement their best knowledge </em><em>successfully </em><em>and qualities on the basis of social partnership. The analysis of scientific works revealed the following </em><em>weaknesses</em><em>:</em> <em>at the level of universities: insufficient material and technical base; insufficient response to changes in demand for graduates; </em><em>staff </em><em>low salaries; at the level of the higher education system as a whole: lack of a unified system (school - college - university); in the system of relations "universities - employers": low level of personnel services of enterprises, unresolved issues of retraining.</em> <em>Areas of adjustment of professional training, based on social partnership, which promote professional self-realization and career growth of university graduates have been identified. </em></p> Andriy Zinchenko Iryna Serohina Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 36 43 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-36 FEATURES OF TRAINING OF A FUTURE DIPLOMAT https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/37 <p><em>The article considers the main aspects of the process of training a diplomat in terms of improving the efficiency of the staff of foreign ministries. A new view on the problem of updating and improving existing educational programs (especially the training of masters) in order to increase the competitiveness of domestic education in the global market of educational services. The primary importance is not given to marketing, but to quality, "content", which is a professional training in the field of "international relations". The author of the article uses empirical material obtained as a result of analysis, processing and generalization of expert assessments of Ukrainian and foreign participants of international faculty and institute forums in the field of international research. As a result, the article proposes a model of educational program, developed by the author based on the "reference" programs for international relations and world politics. The most topical issues concerning the format of students' education, further employment of graduates of the programs and, finally, the development of the teaching staff are considered. In conclusion, recommendations are given on possible areas of reforming higher education in the field of "international relations". It is a question of necessity of harmonious convergence of the best qualities of domestic and foreign higher professional training. The article may be of interest to teachers and methodologists working in the field of higher education, as well as to a wide range of readers interested in education and training of foreign ministers.</em></p> Oleksandr Balanutsa Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 44 48 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-44 DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION CULTURE OF A TEACHER IN THE CONDITIONS OF DISTANCE LEARNING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/38 <p>The article deals with the peculiarities of distance learning. The factors, which influence the information environment, have been given. The newest technologies and methods used in distance learning are considered. The main components of information culture, which develop in the conditions of distance learning, have been listed. After the scientific sources analysis, generalization of native and foreign experience of the organization of distance education in higher educational establishments, the theoretical basis of organization of the remote education for the are stated. Pedagogical conditions of the organization of the distance education for the students of the pedagogical university are determined and checked in practice. <em>Addressing them is relevant and important psycho- ducational problems, the solution is able to improve the efficiency of the educational process. The features of the impact of distance education on the individual as a member of academic cooperation. It was concluded that distance education is the most promising direction of development of education in general, especially the modernization of educational technology contents and professional education is a huge psychological - pedagogical potential.</em></p> Bohdan Ivashchenko Olena Habelko Yaroslav Haleta Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 49 56 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-49 PROGRAM OF RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FORMATION OF SOCIO-CULTURAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE FOREIGN LANGUAGES ON THE BASIS OF INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/39 <p><em>The</em> <em>article</em> <em>highlights</em> <em>the</em> <em>program</em> <em>of</em> <em>research</em> <em>and</em> <em>experimental</em> <em>investigation</em> <em>of</em> <em>formation</em> <em>of socio-cultural competence of future foreign languages on the basis of interdisciplinary approach. The logic of research and experimental work </em><em>has been</em><em> aimed at substantiating its stages, which reflect the achievement of intermediate goals through the use of certain forms and methods of organization: theoretical and methodological - 2017; diagnostic and </em><em>constative</em><em> - 2017-2018 academic year; </em><em>formative</em><em> - 2019 academic year; analytical</em><em> and conclusion</em><em> - 2020. Diagnostic</em><em> and constative</em><em> stage of research</em><em> has been</em><em> provided </em><em>in</em><em> two procedures: diagnostics of formation </em><em>state </em><em>of sociocultural competence of future foreign language</em><em> teachers</em><em> (diagnostic sub</em><em>-</em><em>stage) </em><em>and entrance control of level of sociocultural competence of students before introduction of author's method. The outlined </em><em>conception</em><em> of the study </em><em>has been realized</em><em> with</em><em>in</em><em> students </em><em>of </em><em>&nbsp;bachelor degree in the field of knowledge 01 "Education"</em><em>, specialty </em><em>014 Secondary Education (English </em><em>language </em><em>and foreign literature). The logic of organization of formative stage of research </em><em>under consideretation </em><em>presupposed implementation </em><em>of </em><em>methods of pedagogical conditions and structural-functional model of formation </em><em>of </em><em>socio-cultural competence of future foreign language teachers on the basis of interdisciplinary approach during&nbsp; year </em><em>of study 2019&nbsp; </em><em>into the educational process of higher educational establishments that have been taken for the experiment.</em></p> <p><em>In order to analyze the results of the formative stage of experimental study, numerical indicators of the formation of socio-cultural competence of future foreign language teachers at the stage of </em><em>entrance and final controls have been compared. The certainty of results of experimental study has been proven with the help of the methods of mathematical statistics - comparison of variances for entrance and final control in control groups and experimental groups, determination of Fisher's criterion.</em></p> Kateryna Fodor Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 57 65 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-57 PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL POTENTIAL OF FUTURE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN THE PROCESS OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/40 <p><em>The article under consideration gives scientific grounding of pedagogical conditions for the development of professional potential of future foreign language teachers in the process of their professional training. It has been assumed that the pedagogical conditions for the development of professional potential of future foreign language teachers in professional training should reflect: qualitative characteristics of basic factors, processes and phenomena of educational environment, reflecting the basic requirements for professional training of future foreign language teachers in higher educational establishment; complex of objective opportunities, which have been purposefully made up and implemented into educational environment, provide solutions to given pedagogical tasks; a set of&nbsp; the following measures&nbsp; increase the efficiency of the process of development of professional potential of future foreign language teachers: information (content of education; cognitive basis of pedagogical process); technological (forms, means, methods, approaches, levels, ways of organization of educational activity; procedural, methodical basis of academic process); personal (behavior, activity, communication, personal qualities of subjects of educational process); psychological (organization of reflective activity, etc.). Taking into consideration the peculiarities of professional activity of future foreign language teachers, the following factors have been singled out as pedagogical conditions that ensure the highest efficiency of development of all components of professional potential of students of investigated specialty: formation of positive "I-conception" of a professional in students' ideology; ensuring the formation of professional outlook of future foreign language teachers by means of expanding the content of academic disciplines with information of interdisciplinary character; use of educational context of professional training of future foreign language teachers as the basis for the development of professional potential; organization of reflective and creative educational activities of students.</em></p> Katalin Hnatyk Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 66 73 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-66 ADVANCING THE EFFECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF INTERACTIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/41 <p><em>Learning foreign</em><em> languages seems to become more and more increasing requirement of modern education. </em><em>International relations are extended and&nbsp; strengthened through the exchange of scientific, technical, and cultural information. In this situation, </em><em>issue of effective teaching methods have always been widely discussed in educational world community as finding the effective ones is the task of primary importance.</em></p> <p><em>Teachers of foreign languages make their contribution to all aspects of education of pupils. The task of the teacher at the lesson is: to organize lots of practice and these practical exercises should be oriented on using the target language for the normal purposes basic to all strategies and techniques.&nbsp; There are some useful principles and methods of teaching foreign languages. Interactive language teaching methods may be related to content being studied in the language, whether literary, historical, philosophical, scientific or sociological. The&nbsp; interactive methods of foreign language teaching is not only new or mysterious, new techniques but also new forms, new principles, new approaches, new methods in teaching process. Interactive training encourages and gives learners to create comfortable condition of learning, also learners feel their successfulness, develop creativity, intellectual and communicative abilities. All modern students should be offered the selection of contents and approaches.&nbsp; </em><em>Most of the strategies deal with pair and group work and promote interaction.</em> <em>Encouraging students to develop their own strategies is an excellent means of stimulating the learner to develop tools of interaction.</em></p> Liudmyla Lysenko Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 74 79 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-74 THE CONCEPTUAL ASPECTS OF VOCATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDYING https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/42 <p><em>The pedagogical process is constantly enriched with new ways of operating the received information, a creative approach to solving science issues with an emphasis on the individualization of educational programs. This applies to the aviation industry as well. In their professional activity pilots do not have complete information about the people with whom they communicate. Unforeseen air situations often occur, and the pilot does not have accurate information about who he is communicating with, who is controlling the air traffic, and what his further actions and decisions are related to. In extreme situations, when time is counted in seconds, knowledge of technical terms and concepts in English allows you to correctly report an obvious or emergency situation, to make a timely and correct decision. The main trends in the improvement of educational technologies are characterized by the transition from the focus on the average student to individualized training programs. In such conditions, the teacher, who performs the function of a «technologist» of the educational process, needs to use innovative technologies, ideas, directions.</em></p> <p><em>The article describes the methods of teaching students who study in higher aviation educational institutions. The specifics of teaching subjects in English are determined in accordance with learning strategies. English, chosen as the main means of teaching students, causes changes in the methodological support of the educational process. In view of this, it is appropriate to add that the specifics of the organization in relation to the learning process in a multicultural environment should be taken into account. In this regard, we analyze some conceptual methods that help increase the level of methodological support for training and the quality of vocational training.</em></p> Yana Necheporuk Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 80 85 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-80 PECULIARITIES OF ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS IN GEOGRAPHY CLASSES https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/43 <p><em>The article reveals the essence of concepts </em><em>«</em><em>independent work</em><em>»</em><em> and </em><em>«</em><em>independent activity</em><em>»</em><em>, their common and distinctive features, the peculiarities of the organization of students’ independent work in geography lessons; using this teaching method to form</em><em> students</em><em>’ geographical picture of the world; t</em><em>he role of students</em><em>’</em><em> independent work in the process of </em><em>developing</em><em> their</em><em> desire</em> <em>to self-deepening geography knowledge, their</em><em> ability to creatively search,</em><em> the</em><em> activation of independent creative cognitive activity, </em><em>deepening cognitive interest, educational and cognitive motivation, development of students</em><em>’</em><em> educational competencies.</em></p> <p><em>The author substantiates the expediency of using independent work at elementary school geography courses, reveals its educational and developing value. The types and methods of students’ independent work,</em> <em>its role in the formation of students’ critical thinking, creative abilities, skills and abilities working with the map</em> <em>and other sources of geographical information are characterized in the article. Approaches to the classification of students</em><em>’</em><em> independent work are studied, the interrelation of class and home independent work is considered.</em> <em>Various types of students’ independent work in geography lessons are analyzed</em><em> to evaluate their effectiveness. </em><em>T</em><em>he structure of </em><em>implementation</em><em> and methods of task development</em><em> of students’ independent work</em><em> and the system of their complication are revealed</em><em>. Examples of tasks of different levels of complexity and degrees of independence are given. The article summarizes the results of the research conducted by the author about the evaluation of the effectiveness of various methods of students’ independent work in geography lessons. The reasons of the efficiency of the investigated methods are revealed.</em></p> Kateryna Tymonchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 86 93 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-86 METHODOLOGICAL GUIDELINES FOR ORGANIZING AND CONDUCTING WORKSHOPS ON THE FUNDAMENTALS OF MENTOR ACTIVITIES FOR FUTURE MARINE OFFICERS https://public.scnchub.com/perm/index.php/perm/article/view/44 <p><em>The aim of the article is to theoretically substantiate methodological guidelines to scientific and pedagogical staff of the Military Academy (Odesa) on the organization and carrying out of workshops with future Marine officers in the context of formation of readiness of the specified category of servicemen for mentoring.</em></p> <p><em>Methods of research: use of analysis and synthesis of scientific literature, </em><em>regulatory&nbsp;legal&nbsp;documents</em><em>, curricula and educational programmes, as well as expert evaluation.</em><em>The results obtained: the research found that in the system of forming a positive attitude of future Marine officers to mentoring, their expertise of the conceptual apparatus and system of theoretical knowledge about mentoring, its variability and peculiarities of implementation in the military staff, communication and organizational skills development, as well as the ability to reorient the purpose and content of mentoring to specific service tasks, which are determined by the conditions of military service of marine units, the interests of the mentees an important component is organization and conduction of appropriate training.</em></p> <p><em>Practical use: based on the results of scientific research, specific advice was developed for scientific and pedagogical staff of the Military Academy (Odesa) on organizing and conducting workshops with future Marine officers in the context of forming the readiness of this category of servicemen for mentoring (as part of the special course programme “Fundamentals of Mentoring in Marine Units” designed for cadets of the faculty of training specialists of airborne assault troops).</em></p> Vitalii Yarema Copyright (c) 2021 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-02-03 2021-02-03 1 94 100 10.36690/2733-2039-2021-1-94