https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/issue/feed Public Administration and Law Review 2020-09-22T19:25:08+03:00 Iryna Mihus office@scnchub.com Open Journal Systems public administration, law https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/22 PANIC AS A FACTOR OF INFORMATION SECURITY THREAT 2020-07-31T21:11:11+03:00 Oleg Panchenko oap@ukr.net <p><em>Security has always been the most important goal and fundamental need of both the individual and society as a whole, as the formation and development of human society has always been associated with overcoming of various threats posed by nature, enemies, technical facilities and others. Information risks involve, first of all, a form of negative impact on the individual, society and the state as a whole, using all types of information. In this case, a direct impact on the mind and consciousness of people is carried out to form the necessary thoughts and judgments, which then in some way guide the people behavior. Ensuring national security is the most important condition for the functioning and development of human society, which requires consideration of socio-political, economic, legal, geopolitical, environmental, man-made and a number of other aspects. Among the various components, information security of national security plays a special role.</em></p> <p><em>In this article it is considered the concept of panic, its impact on information security of the state and society, information factors as the main causes of panic and methods of combating it. Among the preconditions for panic there are mentioned psychological, physiological, socio-psychological factors, the sudden appearance and accumulation of negative information content. The most effective means of struggleagainst panic are persuasion, categorical order, explanation of the danger fallacy, use of force, elimination (isolation) of the most dangerous alarmists.</em></p> <p><em>It has been proved that the prevention of panic in society, chaos in the system of state regulation depends on high-quality national information security, which consists of regulating the information space and conducting a competent state information policy.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/23 THE STATE POLICY IN THE FIELD OF PROVIDING FINANCIAL SECURITY AS A COMPONENT OF NATIONAL SECURITY: THE EXPERIENCE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES 2020-07-31T21:11:11+03:00 Yana Koval koval_y.s@ukr.net Nadiia Yurkiv yurkiv_n@ukr.net <p><em>In the process of comprehensive development of the country, as an integral part of the world economy, the issue of national security, components of which are the economic, financial, military, information sectors, etc., is very acute. Current trends in globalization processes summarize the requirements and parameters of effective economic development of individual actors in the world economy. Only the positive dynamics of each component will ensure the positive dynamics of the world economy. Ensuring the sustainable development of any industry is impossible without the development and implementation of an independent strategy, which in today's economy is determined by the presence of an effective system of its financial security. The financial component characterizes itself as an internal functional component of its economic security, without exaggeration, is the main, because under market conditions is an important component of any economic system, determines the financial and economic condition of the entity, financial stability, solvency and structure dynamics sources of funding. Ukraine, as a state, is characterized by inexperience of a market economy, it requires the implementation of a number of measures to ensure public financial security. Each component of financial security, in addition to performing the relevant functions, is an integral part of the synergetic system designed to ensure the resilience of the national economy to internal and external negative influences and its effective functioning. The modern dynamics of social processes in Ukraine and the world necessitates the formation of an adequate, effective and economically justified system of protection of national interests and ensuring national (including economic and financial) security. The strategic goal of Ukraine's national security policy is to ensure state sovereignty and territorial integrity, national unity based on the democratic progress of society and the state, respect for human and civil rights and freedoms, creating conditions for dynamic economic growth, ensuring European social standards and welfare. The study analyzed the final act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. The main positions of Ukraine in the ranking of individual components of the competitiveness index are highlighted. Characterized by the national economic interests of the European Union.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/24 STRENGTHENING OF THE STATE EDUCATIONAL POLICY THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR STUDYING FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN GENERAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF UKRAINE 2020-07-31T21:14:53+03:00 Anastasia Zablotska ana.zablotska@gmail.com <p><em>The article deals with the relationship of quality and modern education in Ukraine with the level of foreign language proficiency in society. The importance of mastering English </em><em>by</em><em> students</em><em>, </em><em>teachers and scholars, the relevance of learning English </em><em>under</em><em> the legal framework of education in Ukraine</em><em> is highlighted</em><em>, consistency </em><em>of</em><em> the Concept of </em><em>the “</em><em>New Ukrainian School</em><em>” with </em><em>European trends is substantiated. </em><em>Researches</em><em> of international companies that assess the level of English language proficiency in everyday life of Ukrainians and business are presented and analyzed. The national and international approach to assessing students' linguistic competences is outlined and a detailed comparative analysis is provided. The instruments of approximation of standards of preparation and assessment of speech competences to the international ones are described, as well as the conceptual approximation of the school to the needs of the international market. A description of a pilot project </em><em>(</em><em>experiment</em><em>)</em><em> in Irp</em><em>i</em><em>n</em><em> (Kyiv Oblast)</em><em>, which was implemented to identify and improve English language skills among students and teachers, is provided, and the </em><em>results of this experiment are highlighted. The way of synchronization of curricula in general and vocational training institutions with the programs of the international standard of competence in foreign language is presented, the importance of this educational task is substantiated.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/25 CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL REGULATION OF THE STATUS OF THE HEAD OF GOVERNMENT IN THE MIXED-TYPE REPUBLICS 2020-07-31T21:11:12+03:00 Volodymyr Marchenko marchenko2210@gmail.com Viktor Protsevsky faculty-law@hnpu.edu.ua <p><em>The constitutional and legal status of the head of government in republics of the mixed type is marked by a special legal status. The main tasks of the head of government are the organization and management of the highest/supreme body of state executive power, the implementation of state domestic and foreign policy and political responsibility for it. Thus, the efficiency of the government directly depends on the implementation of constitutional duties of the head of government. The objective of the article is to determine the constitutional and legal status of the head of state in European republics of mixed type. Scientific works that are devoted to the processes of formation and development of the constitutional and legal status of the head of government have been studied. The methodology of this article is based on comparative and legal analysis techniques and includes system-structural method, method of generalization, method of analysis and synthesis, etc. A comparative analysis of the constitutional and legal status of the head of government in different European countries with a mixed form of government, which gave grounds to note the general and special features that indicate a certain constitutional development of these countries has been held.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/26 THE INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIA ON THE MENTAL STATE OF YOUNG PEOPLE 2020-07-31T21:11:12+03:00 Ganna Sobko sobkoganna1984@ukr.net <p><em>The article analyzes the concept and content of the media, and how the media affect the mental state of young people. Identified scientists dealing with this issue. It is defined how the media influences the further behavior of young people, namely the choice of idols, style of clothing, profession. What factors are used to influence, namely: TV stars, songs in another language. The media exert social, cultural and psychological influence on society, shaping the needs of people and these needs are not always related to material goods. It is analyzed how the media influences the criminal behavior of young people and with the help of which factors.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/27 FINANCIAL INVESTIGATIONS TECHNIQUES AND METHODS USING IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS OF LAW-ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES 2020-07-31T21:11:12+03:00 Ganna Gorbenko gorbenkoganna1@gmail.com <p><em>Criminal investigations became increasingly complicated by more confusing schemes used by individual criminals and criminal groups. The only way to prosecute “smart criminals” is to use financial investigation techniques. A careful financial investigation using various financial investigations tools and methods, as well as their improvement allow to conduct investigations effectively. By following the trail of the money and other assets, a financial investigation can reveal the complex structure of major criminal organization. Financial investigations reveal the proceeds of crime, as well as traces of evidence that lead investigators, detectives, analysts to the top of the hierarchy of criminal groups. Today's financial crimes are often complicated by the use of money laundering schemes. A financial investigation should be an integral part of any investigation as a whole. This requires a comprehensive approach that emphasizes financial investigations as an integral part of law enforcement efforts. Clear goals, targeted action, sufficient resources, training of investigators, detectives, analysts and the use of legally available tools are important elements of an effective financial investigation strategy in any country. The principal goal of applying financial investigative techniques is to gather information that will be admissible in court. In the study, defined financial investigation as a set of different techniques; identified problematic issues of techniques, methods and tools of financial investigations; revealed features of cooperation in financial investigations within the framework of investigation of criminal corruption offenses; offered directions of increase of their efficiency. </em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/28 LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR FREE LEGAL AID IN UKRAINE 2020-07-31T21:11:12+03:00 Etibar Vali Maharramli faculty-law@hnpu.edu.ua <p><em>The article describes the content of regulations governing public relations in the field of provision of free legal aid depending on the level of their legal force. The author pays direct attention to the theoretical foundations of the concept of "legal regulation" and "mechanism of legal regulation". It is established that the legal basis for free legal aid in Ukraine is the Constitution of Ukraine, international treaties of Ukraine, laws of Ukraine, by-laws and departmental (interdepartmental) regulations. Also, the characterization of the legal framework for the provision of free legal aid is carried out by identifying its key features, namely: </em><em>legal regulation of provision of free legal aid is carried out in three directions, ie general, sectoral and special;</em><em> &nbsp;</em><em>international legal acts in the field of the provision of free legal aid can be divided into general and concretized-contractual (bilateral international agreements);</em> <em>&nbsp;</em><em>depending on the stages of formation of the free legal aid system normative-legal acts of the by-law level of legal regulation of provision of free legal aid</em> <em>1) served as a normative-legal precondition of formation of legislative bases of provision</em><em> of FLA</em><em>; 2) ensured the formation of the </em><em>FLA</em><em> system </em><em>by </em><em>organizational and legal</em><em> ways</em><em>; 3) </em><em>by </em><em>specifying the provisions of the laws, created a mechanism for managing the </em><em>FLA</em><em> system and </em><em>currently </em><em>ensure its functioning;</em> <em>currently</em><em> formation of the by-law level of legal regulation is provided </em><em>solely</em><em> by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine;</em> <em>departmental legal regulation of </em><em>FLA</em><em> is characterized by dualism, which </em><em>boils</em> <em>down</em> <em>to</em><em> the specifics of subjective support for the formation of departmental norms, namely, </em><em>the</em><em> Ministry of Justice of Ukraine</em><em> or the</em><em> Coordination Center for Legal Aid Provision;</em><em> memoranda of cooperation concluded between the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine or the Coordination Center for Legal Aid Provision and other bodies of the executive branch of power are legal acts of interdepartmental significance</em><em>;</em> <em>administrative</em> <em>and</em> <em>legal</em> <em>regulation</em> <em>of</em> <em>the</em> <em>provision</em> <em>of</em> <em>free</em> <em>legal</em> <em>aid</em> <em>is</em> <em>also</em> <em>characterized</em> <em>by</em> <em>dualism</em><em>, </em><em>as</em> <em>it</em> <em>is</em> <em>carried</em> <em>out</em> <em>in</em> <em>two</em> <em>directions</em><em>, </em><em>including</em> <em>an</em> <em>organizational</em> <em>and</em> <em>legal</em> <em>and</em> <em>administrative</em> <em>and</em> <em>procedural</em> <em>ones</em><em>;</em> <em>&nbsp;</em><em>the</em> <em>legal</em> <em>framework</em> <em>for</em> <em>the</em> <em>provision</em> <em>of</em> <em>FLA</em> <em>serves</em> <em>as</em> <em>a</em> <em>basis</em> <em>for</em> <em>defining</em> <em>and</em> <em>characterizing</em> <em>the</em> <em>content</em> <em>of</em> <em>this</em> <em>category</em> <em>as</em> <em>a</em> <em>right</em> <em>and</em> <em>guarantee</em> <em>for</em> <em>the</em> <em>implementation</em> <em>of</em> <em>other</em> <em>constitutional</em> <em>human</em> <em>and</em> <em>civil</em> <em>rights</em><em>.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/29 ECO-APPROACH AS A WAY TO OVERCOME A SYNDROME OF THE PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT AMONG THE PERSONNEL OF THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2020-07-31T21:11:12+03:00 Vita Teslenko vita_teslenko@ukr.net <p><em>The article presents the discourse around the search for a way the teachers of the educational institutions have to overcome a syndrome of the professional burnout (hereinafter </em><em>–</em><em> SPB). Since SPB is determined by a set of cognitive, affective and behavioral factors that are manifested in the self-sphere, the problem of resourcefulness in resistance to SPB as a threat to optimal functioning is still actual considering the following: 1)&nbsp;possible level of burnout in the form of stress, resistance and exhaustion; 2)&nbsp;the problem of self-regulation of individual behavior; 3)&nbsp;manifestations of certain signs of disorders of the internal structure of the individual, such as “emotional exhaustion”, “depersonalization”, “reduction of professional achievements”; 4)&nbsp;low level of individual desire for self-development and low self-esteem of the individual of the qualities that promote self-development; 5)&nbsp;the problem of perfectionism; 6)&nbsp;the problem with the motivation of professional activity; 7)&nbsp;lack of meaningful life orientations, etc.</em></p> <p><em>In identifying the eco-approach as a means of gaining resources to the resistance of the SPB, it is advisable to analyze various approaches to the issue and determine the principles of the existing concepts for understanding: 1)&nbsp;the phenomenon of “burnout” as a manifestation of professional activity on the individual; 2)&nbsp;the phenomenon of qualitative-oriented management, emphasizing the paradigm of “system within system”; 3)&nbsp;the phenomenon of uncertainty in psychology; 4)&nbsp;the phenomenon of “integral personal characteristics”. The role of such constructs as “nature of nature”, “method of method”, “principle of principle”, “paradigm of paradigm” and “the resulted result“ as the narratives in the search for resourceful potential by a person is traced.</em></p> <p><em>So, in case of understanding (cognition) by the individual the nature of some complexity in all its paradoxes and contradictions, we can hope for his&nbsp;/&nbsp;her ability to overcome it in the multifactorial nature of certain manifestations and fluctuations. Lean-thinking will hinder existing obstacles being in this way. The article is focused on the readiness of the teacher to find resourceful and overcome non-resourceful strategies to achieve the goal, to advance in personal and professional development, to harmonize relations with others. Thus, in accordance with the above, the optimization of a sole purposeful functional system of the personality – is the criterion that characterizes the function of individual development, i.e. his&nbsp;/&nbsp;her adaptation to the special conditions of his&nbsp;/&nbsp;her activities, taking into account the personal factors. The urgency of the problem lies in solving the dilemma: the mismatch of the adaptive properties of the organism and the actual human experience, i.e. the possibility of acquiring certain skills, abilities, readiness (willingness).</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ https://public.scnchub.com/palr/index.php/palr/article/view/30 CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF A HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT 2020-09-22T19:25:08+03:00 Iryna Synhaivska irinasin222@gmail.com Aminet Apisheva apisheva.aminet@gmail.com <p><em>The article discusses outstanding characteristics of the organizational culture of the department of a higher-educational institution based on employees’ ideas about existing and desired organizational culture with the goal to increase the department’s successfulness. The ideas about a preferred state can be used for planning the further development of the department’s organizational culture. Criteria for successfulness of department’s organizational culture are determined by both internal and external factors.</em></p> <p><em>The external criterion for the assessment of successfulness of department’s activity is represented by objective effectiveness of the quality of student training, which is included into department’s rating and reflects successfulness of psychological and pedagogical interaction between the teaching staff and the students. It is suggested to use “objective effectiveness” as a criterion for the assessment of department’s organizational culture successfulness. Also, the necessity of taking into consideration the directions of specialist training while planning the development of organizational culture of the department.</em></p> <p><em>The article also presents the analysis of the internal criterion for the successfulness of the department’s organizational culture, which is determined by the degree of discrepancy between the employees’ ideas about existing and preferred organizational culture. High divergence degree causes socio-psychological internal tension among coworkers. We consider such an organizational culture to be unfavorable, and therefore unsuccessful. It is suggested to use organizational culture “f</em><em>avourability</em><em>” as a criterion for successfulness.</em></p> <p><em>It has been clarified that the correct OCAI methodology usage requires preliminary application of statistical criteria for checking normality of the source data distribution.</em></p> 2020-06-05T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scientific Center of Innovative Researches OÜ